In Spain, all children measuring 135cm or less in height must ride in the rear seats of any vehicle, irrespective of their age, and in addition to the requirements of the correct seat being provided to their size and weight.
Their are a number of exception to the rule, for example, when the vehicle does not have rear seats, when all rear seats are already occupied by others under the same characteristics, and where it is not possible to install the approved child restraints in those rear seats. These are the only occasions when children may occupy a front seat , but they must always use the restraint system approved for their height and weight.
Child restraints must also be installed in accordance with the instructions provided by the manufacturer and the instructions that will indicate how and what kind of vehicles can be used safely.
In 2014, two of the 14 children under the age of 12 killed whilst travelling in vehicles were not wearing any safety device at the time of the accident. It was the same for 9 out of the 82 children who were seriously injured, they too were not wearing any form of restraint. The DGT has increased the powers of the traffic police in dealing with adults who fail to take necessary responsibility for children, including the immediate immobilisation of a vehicle where children are found to to be travelling without appropriate safety restraints.
To make the matter even clearer, there are a number of golden rules that must be followed regarding children in vehicles:
· Never carry a child in your arms or use the same seat belt that is protecting the adult. the use of child restraint systems (CRS) reduced the risk of death by 75 percent and the severity of injuries by 90 percent.
· Make sure the seat is properly installed. It should not be able the move and ought to be properly secured, the recommended option being the Isofix anchorage system. The child’s head should never be higher than the back of the seat.
· it is recommended you continue to use appropriate and approved child restraint system until the child reaches 150cm in height. When taller than 150cm, they must us the vehicle seat belt.